What Size Portable Generator Do I Need?

What Size Portable Generator Do I Need?
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What size Generator : The most important decision you make when Choosing a Generator is making sure the genset can handle all your power requirements. If your Portable Generator doesn’t provide enough electrical output to power up your appliances, this can damage not only your appliances, but the generator as well.

Choosing the right generator can seem confusing to the untrained eye. Do I need Single Phase, Three Phase, AVR or brushless alternator? It doesn’t have to be that difficult…

These days Portable Generators are available in a wide range of sizes from 800w to 3 megawatts. Portable generators are used every day, by millions of people around the world, for many different applications. Be they for: Recreational, Domestic, Trade related or Industrial requirements.

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A portable generator can be used for many different applications

When shopping for a Portable Generator, the first and most critical factor you need to determine is the amount of power required to not only run the appliances you wish to use, but also the power required to start them.

For example, the starting power requirement can be up to 3 times greater (or more) than the continuous running power needed. Ie. In the case of an Electric Drill the starting power might be 900W, but it only requires 550W to keep it running (you can find this information located in the appliance user manual and/or identification plate, or if not displayed there, you can use a wattage meter to check the draw of your appliances – see video below).

 

It is critically important that you know the specific wattage requirements of the appliances you intend to run off the generator.

If you base your purchase decision solely on quality or price without any other consideration you may be sadly disappointed. It is far better to spend the time to determine your power generation requirements before making a choice.

To do this you need to;

  1. Develop a list with all the appliances you intend to power up off the generator at any given time.
  2. Make a note of the starting and running wattage of each appliance. The starting power is the most important factor as it can be several times that of the running power. (as a guide, see the wattage estimation table at the bottom of this article)
  3. Determine which appliances will be running at the same time. Calculate the total ‘Running Watts’ amounts for these appliances. Then determine which of your appliances has the highest ‘Starting Power’. Add that amount to the total.

i.e. Three appliances with a total running power of 1160W:

Appliance

Running Power

Starting Power

Portable Fridge

150W

600W

Small Toaster

750W

750W

TV

200W

200W

Fan

60W

180W

TOTAL

1160W

 

(These wattages are examples only, remember to check the identification plate or manual on your appliances for exact starting and running wattage)

From this table you can see that the appliance with the highest starting wattage is the toaster, requiring 750W. Then add the highest starting wattage to the total running power of all the appliances:

750W + 1160W = 1910W

From this calculation you know that you need a Generator with an output of 1910W or more to run these appliances together. It’s advisable to have a Generator with slightly more power than you need as it’s better to be safe than sorry. In this example, a Yamaha EF2000iS or an Yamaha EF2400iS would be the perfect choice.

 

If your generator doesn’t have the right amount of power, then you won’t be able to start or run those appliances when you need them most.

Tradesman Generator on site

Tradesman Generator getting the job done onsite!

Take a few minutes and do the calculations so you know what power generator you need. If you can’t find the user manual for you appliance, you should be able to find out the information online.

There are many benefits to Choosing a Generator with the right amount of output:

  • No system failures due to capacity overload
  • Increased lifespan of the generator
  • Guaranteed performance
  • Increased safety
  • Lower maintenance costs
  • Reduced risk to asset damage

There are numerous factors to consider when selecting the right generator for the job. For more information see our Generator Buyers Guide or Contact Us today. The team at My Generator will be more than happy to assist.

Wattage Estimation Table

Sean Connolly

Sean Connolly

Managing Director at My Generator
Sean is the co-founder and Managing Director of My Generator (mygenerator.com.au)
Sean Connolly

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Comments

  • Simon Elder June 20, 2013, 12:28 am

    Hi and thanks for your informative post. I wish i’d seen this before I bought my last diesel generator… Unfortunately it was under size for most of my jobs around the farm. I’ll follow your advice do the calcs and check out your range. Many thanks, Simon.

  • Nancy Crutcher June 20, 2013, 4:44 am

    Thanks for sharing this informative post. When buying a generator it is best to first know how much power your applicances will consume. From that you have a guide as to what generator size you are going to need.

    • admin September 17, 2014, 1:52 am

      Thanks for your comment Nancy!
      That’s spot on – It’s definitely best to know how much power all your appliances will draw and start up and continuous. From this calculation you will be able to choose a generator that will produce enough power to start and run all your appliances.
      Regards,
      Sean

  • Roger June 21, 2013, 12:01 pm

    Nicely put. A 2000W gennie should do the trick on the road; fridge and a few other electronic pieces.

  • Joe November 17, 2014, 2:24 am

    Hello Sean,

    Thinking about buying a Lectron 2000w Inverter Generator as I’m about to build a shack on our bush block. It would need to run a concrete mixer, power saw, drill and maybe a couple of other things. We are in no mad rush to get the shack built so running only one tool at a time wouldn’t be an issue if it meant less stress on the generator. We would then use it to run lights, radio, kettle, etc. once the shack is in use. Would this Lectron do the job?

    cheers,

    Joe.

    • admin November 17, 2014, 8:17 am

      Hi Joe,
      Thanks for your inquiry. In order to be sure that any generator can run the appliance you want to, you need to find out the exact wattage requirements of that appliance. This can found on the data plate on the item, or within the product manual. Many tools will have a peak starting wattage and a running wattage, so you’ll need to check for both. We have a guide that shows you how to calculate the wattage for different appliances here: http://www.mygenerator.com.au/generators-buyers-guide/
      This will help you decide whether a 2000w generator is enough power or not.
      Thanks again,
      Sean

  • Ed G April 27, 2015, 4:53 am

    I need to run 4 roasters [1100 watts/110 volts is approximately 13 amps per roaster] in a food booth. Do all portable gensets com with amp breakers? I saw one that had a breaker rated at 14 amps. This would let me operate only one roaster at a time. Do I get one at 4400 watts and the ability to handle 45 amps or do I get 4 to handle all 4 roasters individually because of the amps?

    • My Generator Admin April 28, 2015, 2:23 am

      Hi Ed – we frequently sell generators for this type of food business. Perhaps the best thing to do is give us a call on 1300 400 122 to talk through your particular roaster wattage details; Australian appliances run at 230/240 volts so we’ll need to make sure we get the wattage calculation right so we can recommend the right sized unit(s) for you. We look forward to your call – cheers!

  • Brian February 14, 2017, 12:23 pm

    What gen do you recommend, a gen that runs continuously at say 3000rpm, or one that adjusts rpm on demand?

    • L Adams February 14, 2017, 11:32 pm

      Hi Brian, it depends on your application. For example, a portable inverter generator has the ability to idle up or down depending on the load required. These a very popular for caravan/camping applications, small home backup power, and small mobile businesses such as food trucks. This idle feature makes invetrter generators very fuel efficient and quiet. The drawback with portable inverter generators is that they are more expensive and are only available in sizes up to around 7-8kVA.
      A conventional generator does not have this idling feature and therefore it is not as economical. However, portable conventional generators are popular for trade and worksite applications where running larger tools/machinery with heavy inductive loads is required. Portable conventional trade generators are built tough and range from around 3kVA to 16kVA in size.

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